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CLOUD COMPUTING: HISTORY AND THE FUTURE

November 14, 2019 / Vivek Kumar

Cloud computing has come a long way through a different number of phases including grid and utility computing, application service provision and software-as-a-service (SaaS). It is stated that the history of cloud computing began with Remote Job Entry that rooted in the 1960s. 9-year later, in 1969, the idea of an Intergalactic Computer Network, a computer networking concept similar to the modern Internet, was introduced by JCR Licklider, who was responsible for enabling the development of Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET). JCR’s vision was on the globe everyone to be interconnected and being able to access programs and data at any site, from anywhere. After some time in 1970, the concept of virtual machines (VMs) was developed. By leveraging virtualization software, it became possible to apply one or more operating systems at the same time in an isolated environment. It was likely to run a completely different Computer (virtual machine) inside a different Opera...